Imperium Romanum 211 AD: Map of the Roman Empire

The product of many years of research and a life long passion: A highly detailed, up to date map of the entire Roman Empire from Lower Nubia to the Antonine Wall, with surrounding territories, in the final years of the reign of Septimius Severus, about 211 CE.


The first version of this map was originally published by Sardis Verlag in spring 2014 and later heavily updated for the second edition releases since 2016. 

Roman Empire map
Imperium Romanum 211 AD


  • Format: DIN A0 (118,9 x 84,1 cm) or DIN A1 (84,1 x 59,4 cm), 
  • Scale 1:4.500.000 (DIN A0) or 1:6.000.000 (DIN A1),
  • Legend in English, German, French and Italian,
  • Geodata modified to correctly portray the Roman World.

States and Settlements

  • The Imperium Romanum and its provinces in 211 CE,
  • All surrounding client states and independent states,
  • More than 120 non-urbanized, "Barbarian" peoples in the vicinity of the Roman Empire,
  • More than 1100 Roman cities, distinguished by their respective legal categories,
  • More than 110 cities and settlements beyond the borders of the Empire.


  • Roman road network totaling more than 120.000 km,
  • Caravan, transhumance and trade routes,
  • Major sea routes, including traveling times in the Mediterranean Basin,
  • Exporting quarries as well as mining areas for precious and non-ferrous metals.


  • The headquarters of all 33 active legions, 
  • Garrisons of all Alae Milliariae and guard units,
  • 28 main and auxiliary bases of the praetorian and provincial fleets,
  • More than 150 selected forts,
  • Linear barriers, such as Hadrian's Wall and the Limes Germanicus.

HD prints of this map can be purchased from my online store:

Commentary and bibliography for the Imperium Romanum 211 AD map
Printable pdf file containing the full commentary and bibliography for the Imperium Romanum 211 AD map, largely identical to the texts found on the respective subpages here. The pdf is bilingual, in English and German.
Adobe Acrobat Document 942.7 KB
Supplement for the DIN A1 map "The World of Ancient Rome"
Additional commentaries for the Parthian Empire, Latium and Judea maps included on side B of the double sided poster "The World of Ancient Rome".
Adobe Acrobat Document 116.7 KB

All places are now accessible, all are well known, all open to commerce; most pleasant farms have obliterated all traces of what were once dreary and dangerous wastes; cultivated fields have subdued forests; flocks and herds have expelled wild beasts; sandy deserts are sown; rocks are planted; marshes are drained; and where once were hardly solitary cottages, there are now large cities. No longer are (savage) islands dreaded, nor their rocky shores feared; everywhere are houses, and inhabitants, and settled government, and civilized life. What most frequently meets our view (and occasions complaint), is our teeming population: our numbers are burdensome to the world, which can hardly supply us from its natural elements; our wants grow more and more keen, and our complaints more bitter in all mouths, whilst Nature fails in affording us her usual sustenance.                                     


Tertullian (ca. 150 – 220 n. Chr.) De anima, XXX