Here you can find the literature consulted by me when making the Ancient Egypt map. For better readability, the list of sources is separated by topic into sections. It begins with a list of more general topics, then continues with four geographical subdivisions. This bibliography is also included in the full version of the booklet that comes with the map, together with the full commentaries and an index of all named places. The booklet can be downloaded as .pdf from the Ancient Egypt main page. 


  • PLEIADES: B. Turner, T. Elliott et. Al., Pleiades - A community-built gazetteer and graph of ancient places,
  • TAVO, Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients, Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag (1975-1993).
  • WITTKE 2007: Anne-Maria Wittke, Eckart Olshausen, Richard Szydlak, Der neue Pauly. Historischer Atlas der antiken Welt, Metzler (2007).




Aegean Region and Cyprus

  • ARMSTRONG 2003: K. M. Armstrong, Settlement Hierarchy and the Location of Alashiya on Cyprus, MA Thesis, University of Cincinnati, (2000).
  • ASTIUR 1966: Michael C. Astour, Aegean Place-Names in an Egyptian Inscription, American Journal of Archaeology. Bd. 70 (1966), 313-317.
  • BENNET 2011: J. Bennet, The Geography of the Mycenaean Kingdoms, in Y. Duhoux, A. Morpurgo Davies (Hrsg.), A Companion to Linear B: Mycenaean Greek Texts and their World, Bd. 2, Peeters (2011), 137-168.
  • EDER 2009: B. Eder, The Northern Frontier of the Mycenaean World, in A. Mazarakis Ainian (Hrsg.), 2° Αρχαιολογικό Έργο Θεσσαλίας και Στερεάς Ελλάδας, /Πρακτικά επιστημονικής συνάντησης, Βόλος 16.-19.3.2006, Volos (2009), 113-131.
  • GOREN 2003: Y. Goren, S. Bunimovitz, I. Finkelstein, N. Na'Aman, The Location of Alashiya: New Evidence from Petrographic Investigation of Alashiyan Tablets from El-Amarna and Ugarit, American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 107, No. 2 (2003), 233-255.
  • GUTTANDIN 2011: T. Guttandin, D. Panagiotopoulos, H. Pflug, G. Plath, Inseln der Winde. Die maritime Kultur der bronzezeitlichen Ägäis, Institut für Klassische Archäologie Universität Heidelberg (2011).
  • HELCK 1995: W. Helck, R. Drenkhahn, Die Beziehungen Ägyptens und Vorderasiens zur Ägäis bis ins 7. Jahrhundert v. Chr., Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2. Auflage (1995).
  • SCHOFIELD 2007: L. Schofield, The Mycenaeans, Oxford Univ Pr (2007).
  • SCHOLLMEYER 2009: P. Schollmeyer, Das antike Zypern: Aphrodites Insel zwischen Orient und Okzident, von Zabern (2009).
  • SIEBENMORGEN 2000: H. Siebenmorgen (Hrsg.), Im Labyrinth des Minos. Kreta – die erste europäische Hochkultur, Biering & Brinkmann (2000).


Egypt General

  • ALTENMÜLLER 2010: H. Altenmüller, Einführung in die Hieroglyphenschrift, H. Buske (2010).
  • BARD 1999: K. A. Bard (ed.), Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt, Routledge Chapman & Hall (1999).
  • EGGEBRECHT 1997: A. Eggebrecht (ed.), Das alte Ägypten: 3000 Jahre Geschichte und Kultur des Pharaonenreiches, C. Bertelsmann, 4. Auflage (1997).
  • HANNIG 2006: R. Hannig, Großes Handwörterbuch Ägyptisch-Deutsch: (2800 - 950 v. Chr.), von Zabern (2006).
  • HANNIG 2006: R. Hannig, Großes Handwörterbuch Deutsch - Ägyptisch, von Zabern (2014).
  • HARRELL 2009: J.A. Harrell, P. Storemyr, Ancient Egyptian quarries-an illustrated overview, in N. Abu-Jaber, E. G. Bloxam, P. Degryse, T. Heldal,QuarryScapes: ancient stone quarry landscapes in the Eastern Mediterranean, Geological Survey of Norway Special Publication 12 (2009), 7–50.
  • HELCK 1974: W. Helck, Die altägyptischen Gaue, L. Reichert (1974).
  • KLEMM 2001: D. Klemm, R. Klemm, A. Murr, Gold of the Pharaohs – 6000 years of gold mining in Egypt and Nubia, African Earth Sciences 33 (2001), 643–659.
  • KLEMM 2013: D. Klemm, R. Klemm, Gold and Gold Mining in Ancient Egypt and Nubia Geoarchaeology of the Ancient Gold Mining Sites in the Egyptian and Sudanese Eastern Deserts, Natural Science in Archaeology, Springer (2013).)
  • LlOYD 2014: A. B. Lloyd, A Companion to Ancient Egypt, Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World, John Wiley & Sons (2014).
  • SPALINGER 2004: A. J. Spalinger, War in Ancient Egypt: The New Kingdom, Wiley-Blackwell (2004).


Egypt Regional Studies

  • AL-AYEDI 2000: A. Rahman Al-Ayedi,Tharu-the starting point on the "Ways of Horus", Master Thesis, University of Toronto (2000).
  • BARD 2011: K. A. Bard, R. Fattovich,The Middle Kingdom Red Sea Harbor at Mersa/Wadi Gawasis, JARCE 47 (2011), 105-129.
  • BIETAK 2011: M. Bietak, I. Forstner-Müller, The Topography of New Kingdom Avaris and Per Ramesses,  in M. Collier, S. Snape (eds.), Ramesside Studies in Honour of K.A. Kitchen, Rutherford Press (2011), 23-51.
  • DAVOLI 2012: P. Davoli, The Archaeology of the Fayum, in C. Riggs (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt, Oxford University Press (2012).
  • ESS 2016: The Egypt Exploration Society, DELTA SURVEY - An information centre for the archaeological sites of Lower Egypt, A British Academy Research Project,, 23.06.2016.
  • GARBECHT 1992: G. Garbrecht, H. Jaritz, Neue Ergebnisse zu altägyptischen Wasserbauten im Fayum, in Antike Welt Band. 23,4 (1992), 238–254.
  • GOMAA 1991: F. Gomaà, R. Müller-Wollermann, W. Schenkel, Mittelägypten zwischen Samalut und dem Gabal Abu Sir, L. Reichert (1991).
  • HABACHI 1980: L. Habachi, The Military Posts of Ramesses II on the Coastal Road and the Western Part of the Delta, BIFAO 80 (1980), 13-30.
  • HARREL 1992: J. A. Harrel, V. M. Brown, The World's Oldest Surviving Geological Map: The 1150 B.C. Turin Papyrus from Egypt, The Journal of Geology Vol. 100 (1992), 3-18.
  • HELDAL 2009: T.Heldal1, E. G. Bloxam, P. Degryse, P. Storemyr, A. Kelany, Gypsum quarries in the northern Faiyum quarry landscape, Egypt: a geo-archaeological case study, , in N. Abu-Jaber, E. G. Bloxam, P. Degryse, T. Heldal,QuarryScapes: ancient stone quarry landscapes in the Eastern Mediterranean, Geological Survey of Norway Special Publication 12 (2009), 51–66.
  • HENDRICKX 2013: S. Hendrickx, F. Förster, M. Eyckerman, The Pharaonic potery of the Abu Ballas Trail: ‘Filling stations’ along a desert highway in southwestern Egypt, in Desert Road Archaeology in Ancient Egypt and Beyond - Africa Praehistoria 27, Heinrich-Barth-Institut (2013).
  • HOFFMEIER 2013: J. K. Hoffmeier, Reconstructing Egypt’s Eastern Frontier Defense Network in the New Kingdom (Late Bronze Age), in F. Jesse, C. Vogel (eds), The Power of Walls - Fortifications in Ancient Northeastern Africa. Proceedings of the International Workshop held at the University of Cologne 4th-7th August 2011, Colloquium Africanum 5 (2013), 163-194.
  • MOSHIER 2008: S. O. Moshier, A. El-Kalani, Late Bronze Age Paleogeography along the Ancient Ways of Horus in Northwest Sinai, Egypt, Geoarchaeology: An International Journal, Vol. 23, No. 4 (2008), 450–473.
  • MOSHIER 2009: S. O. Moshier, J. K. Hoffmeier, Which Way Out of Egypt? Physical Geography Related to the Exodus Itinerary, in T. E. Levy, T. Schneider, W. H.C. Propp (eds.), Israel's Exodus in Transdisciplinary Perspective: Text, Archaeology, Culture, and Geoscience (Quantitative Methods in the Humanities and Social Sciences), Springer (2015), 101-108.
  • SHEA 1977: W. H. Shea, A Date for the Recently Discovered Eastern Canal of Egypt, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, No. 226 (1977), 31-38.
  • SNAPE 2014: S. Snape, A stroll along the corniche? Coastal routes between the Nile Delta and Cyrenaica in the Late Bronze Age, in F. Förster, H. Riemer (eds.), Desert Road Archaeology in Ancient Egypt and Beyond, Heinrich-Barth-Inst. (2014), 439-454.
  • SNEH 1975: A. Sneh, T. Weissbrod, I. Perath, Evidence for an Ancient Egyptian Frontier Canal, American Scientist, Vol. 63, No. 5 (1975), 542-548.
  • TALLET 2012: P. Tallet, Ayn Sukhna and Wadi el-Jarf: Two newly discovered pharaonic harbours on the Suez Gulf, British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan 18 (2012): 147–68
  • WADA 2007: K. Wada, Provincial Society and Cemetery Organization in the New Kingdom, Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur, Bd. 36 (2007), 347-389.
  • WILLEITNER 2003: J. Willeitner, Die ägyptischen Oasen: Städte, Tempel und Gräber in der Libyschen Wüste, von Zabern (2003).



  • BRYCE 2006: T. Bryce, The Kingdom of the Hittites, Oxford University Press (2006).
  • BRYCE 2009: T. Bryce, The Routledge Handbook of the Peoples and Places of Ancient Western Asia: The Near East from the Early Bronze Age to the Fall of the Persian Empire, Routledge (2009).
  • CANCIK-KIRSCHBAUM 2003: E. Cancik-Kirschbaum, Die Assyrer: Geschichte, Gesellschaft, Kultur, C.H. Beck (2003))
  • GILMOUR 2012: G. Gilmour, K. A. Kitchen, Pharaoh Sety II and Egyptian Political Relations with Canaan at the End of the Late Bronze Age, Israel Exploration Journal, Vol. 62, No. 1 (2012), 1-21.
  • HALLO 1964: W. W. Hallo, The Road to Emar, Journal of Cuneiform Studies Vol. 18, No. 3 (1964), 57-88.
  • HOFFMEIER 2014: J. K. Hoffmeier, S. O. Moshier, “A highway out of Egypt”: The main road from Egypt to Canaan, in F. Förster, H. Riemer (eds.), Desert Road Archaeology in Ancient Egypt and Beyond, Heinrich-Barth-Inst. (2014), 485-511.
  • HAUSLEITNER 2013: A. Hausleitner, Tayma - eine frühe Oasensiedlung, Archäologie in Deutschland, 3/2013, 14-19.
  • MAZAR 2009: A. Mazar, The Egyptian Garrison Town at Beth-Shean, in S.Bar, D.Kahn, JJ Shirley (eds.), Egypt, Canaan and Israel: History, Imperialism, Ideology and Literature: Proceedings of a Conference at the University of Haifa, 3-7 May 2009., Brill (2011), 155-189.
  • NA'AMAN 1999: N. Na'aman, Four Notes on the Size of Late Bronze Age Canaan, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, No. 313 (1999), 31-37.
  • NA'AMAN 2005: N. Na'aman, Canaan in the Second Millennium B.C.E., Eisenbaums (2005).
  • SINGER 1988: I. Singer, Merneptah's Campaign to Canaan and the Egyptian Occupation of the Southern Coastal Plain of Palestine in the Ramesside Period, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, No. 269 (1988), 1-10.
  • SOMAGLINO 2014: C. Somaglino, P. Tallet, A road to the Arabian Peninsula in the reign of Ramesses III, in F. Förster, H. Riemer (eds.), Desert Road Archaeology in Ancient Egypt and Beyond, Heinrich-Barth-Inst. (2014), 511-518.
  • TALLET 2011: P. Tallet, G. Castel, P. Fluzin, Metallurgical Sites of South Sinai (Egypt) in the Pharaonic Era: New Discoveries, Paléorient, vol. 37.2 (2011), 79-89.



  • BUDKA 2014: J. Budka, The New Kingdom in Nubia: New results from current excavations on Sai Island, Egitto e Vicino Oriente, Vol. 37 (2014), 55-87.
  • MURRAY 1939: G. W. Murray, The Road to Chephren's Quarries The Geographical Journal Vol. 94, No. 2 (1939), 97-111.
  • STEINER 2008: H. Steiner, Ägyptische Festungen und Stadtgründungen in Nubien von der Prädynastischen Zeit bis zum Ende des Neuen Reiches, Diplomarbeit, Universität Wien (2008).
  • TÖRÖK 1999: L. Török, The Kingdom of Kush - Handbook of the Napatan-Meroitic Civilization, Handbuch der Orientalistik Abt.2 Bd. 31 (1999).